How do bladder stones form in dogs?

  • Nelson,
  • March 20, 2022,
  • 7611

An overly alkaline pH or overly concentrated urine can allow the minerals to solidify into stones. Urinary retention problems, coupled with too much protein and minerals in the diet, can make a dog more vulnerable to bladder stones.

How to treat bladder stones in dogs?

In general, there are three main treatment options for bladder stones: 1) surgical removal; 2) non-surgical removal by urohydropropulsion, and 3) dietary dissolution. The specific treatment that is recommended for your dog will depend on the type of stone that is present.

How to prevent bladder stones in dogs?

Most dogs should be fed a canned or wet diet to encourage water consumption. Dilute urine with a low urine specific gravity (urine specific gravity or USpG less than 1.020) is an important part of the prevention of calcium oxalate bladder stones.

What are bladder stones in dogs?

Bladder stones (uroliths or cystic calculi) are rock-like formations of minerals that develop in the urinary bladder. There may be a large, single stone or a collection of stones that range in size from sand-like grains to gravel. It is common for a mixture of both small and large stones to be present.

Are bladder stones painful for dogs?

Your dog may cry in pain, especially if pressure is applied to the abdominal wall. When there is no obstruction occurring, hematuria, and dysuria are the most common signs seen in dogs with bladder stones. However, pain usually also occurs in the bladder.

Are bladder stones common in dogs?

Bladder stones are somewhat common in dogs, and struvite stones are the most common. In clinical studies, up to 26% of all bladder stones were found to contain struvite. Together, struvite and calcium oxalate uroliths have been found to comprise over 85% of all uroliths.

How do you flush bladder stones?

A crushing device, lasers or ultrasound waves transmitted from the cystoscope can be used to break up the stones into smaller fragments, which can be washed out of your bladder with fluids.

How do you prevent bladder stones?

Drink plenty of fluids. Drinking more fluids, especially water, may help prevent bladder stones because fluids dilute the concentration of minerals in your bladder.

What are the symptoms of a bladder stone?

Typical symptoms of bladder stones include:

  • lower abdominal pain, which can often be severe (men may also have pain in or around their penis)
  • pain or difficulty when peeing.
  • peeing more frequently (particularly at night)
  • cloudy or dark-coloured urine.
  • blood in the urine.

Is removing bladder stones painful?

A transurethral cystolitholapaxy is carried out under either a local anaesthetic or a general anaesthetic, so you shouldn't feel any pain during the procedure. There's a risk of developing an infection during the procedure, so you may be given antibiotics as a precaution.

Do bladder stones cause pain in dogs?

They may look like rocks or crystals, and can come as large as a piece of gravel. Fortunately, bladder stones in dogs are highly treatable, but they can be extremely painful for your dog, and when left untreated, they might create a blockage in your dog's urethra. This could be life-threatening.

Do carrots cause bladder stones in dogs?

One quarter to one half a cup of raw or cooked carrots added to your dog's meal twice daily is also reasonable. Do not feed carrots to pets with a history of kidney or bladder stones, or to those prone to developing crystals in their urine. Carrots are high in oxalates and can cause the formation of stones.

Do dogs need surgery for bladder stones?

Surgery is the most common treatment for bladder stones in pets. Particularly if your dog has a large number of bladder stones, is obstructed, or is at risk for an obstruction, surgery may be the best option. Surgery is also one of the fastest ways to remove bladder stones, which is critical in emergency situations.

How much is bladder stone surgery for dogs?


Cystotomy (bladder stones)$1600-$1800$1450-$1650
Mass Removal (lumps and bumps)$300-$1600$300-$1600
Foreign Body (object stuck in stomach/intestines) **Higher amount is if we need to remove section of intestines as well$1600-$2250$1600-$2250


Hi, I'm Nelson. I've been a professional dog trainer for over 20 years, making my living teaching people how to train their dogs and helping them overcome their struggles with unwanted behaviors like pulling on the leash or not coming when called. I've owned several successful dog training businesses and have trained dogs for movies and TV shows. I've also been on local television and in a variety of magazines.

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