Struvite bladder stones occur when minerals in your dog's urine become concentrated and stick together, forming crystals. This often happens as a result of a urinary tract infection, which changes the acidity of your dog's urine and prevents the minerals from being broken down properly.
Diet. A diet high in fat, sugar, and salt that also lacks vitamins A and B can raise your chance of getting bladder stones, though this is more common in developing countries.
A diet high in fat, sugar, and salt that also lacks vitamins A and B can raise your chance of getting bladder stones, though this is more common in developing countries.
Oversaturation of the urine with urine crystals is the biggest factor in bladder stone formation in dogs and cats. This oversaturation may be caused by increased excretion of crystals by the kidney, increased water reabsorption by the kidneys, and changes in the urine PH leading to crystal formation.
Foods high in protein, particularly red meats and animal fats, increase risk of bladder stones in dogs. Foods high in oxalates, which contribute to stone formation, such as wheat germ, sweet potatoes, beans and soy products, should also be avoided.
There are many causes of bladder stones. In female dogs, struvite stones are the most common and are usually due to chronic bacterial bladder infection. Some types of bacteria breakdown urea in the urine to form ammonium, which is a chemical component of struvite stones.
An overly alkaline pH or overly concentrated urine can allow the minerals to solidify into stones. Urinary retention problems, coupled with too much protein and minerals in the diet, can make a dog more vulnerable to bladder stones.
They may look like rocks or crystals, and can come as large as a piece of gravel. Fortunately, bladder stones in dogs are highly treatable, but they can be extremely painful for your dog, and when left untreated, they might create a blockage in your dog's urethra. This could be life-threatening.
One quarter to one half a cup of raw or cooked carrots added to your dog's meal twice daily is also reasonable. Do not feed carrots to pets with a history of kidney or bladder stones, or to those prone to developing crystals in their urine. Carrots are high in oxalates and can cause the formation of stones.
Bladder stones (uroliths or cystic calculi) are rock-like formations of minerals that develop in the urinary bladder. There may be a large, single stone or a collection of stones that range in size from sand-like grains to gravel. It is common for a mixture of both small and large stones to be present.
Typical symptoms of bladder stones include:
Quick tip: Alkaline Urine causes stones! Dry food diets consisting of carbohydrates, especially grains and potatoes, can contribute to high alkaline urine. Dogs are designed to eat a meat-based protein diet that causes more acidic urine.
So it makes sense that high magnesium in hard water could increase the likelihood of your dog getting painful urinary crystals.
Diet plays a crucial role in preventing future bladder stone formation as well. To decrease the chances of your dog developing bladder stones, or having them return once dissolved, you should avoid feeding foods that contain high levels of oxalate such as spinach, sweet potatoes, organ meat and brown rice.
Symptoms of bladder stones in dogs and cats include: