Below, a few gems your pet will love.
Urate crystals (commonly called "brick stain" by doctors) are a combination of calcium and urate, substances normally found in urine. Crystals of the substance often form, leaving a red-orange stain in your baby's diaper — which can be alarming for parents!
Symptoms of Dog Urine Crystals
Note that some crystals, such as malachite, are for external use only; they are toxic if swallowed. Use only stones that are known to be safe in your dog's water dish.
The Best Crystals For Pets
Crystals in dog's urine may be caused by one of the following: A diet of highly processed dog food, and/or foods high in grains and other fillers. Timing of sample collection; for instance, a sample taken after a meal may have higher concentrations than a sample taken during fasting. Imbalanced urine pH.
DISSOLUTION BY DIET A special food called S/D Diet® is made by Hills for the specific purpose of dissolving struvite stones. Royal Canin makes a stone dissolution diet called Urinary SO® and either diet can be used. The therapeutic diet must be the only food fed until the stone is dissolved.
Struvite crystals in dogs most often form because of a urinary tract infection. Common bacteria that invade the urine create an environment with a higher (more alkaline) pH which helps the bacteria thrive. Struvite crystals form easily at higher urine pH, and struvite stones can form quickly if enough crystals develop.
Stones can form because of an imbalance in the dog's blood or urine—metabolic stones—while others form because of an infection in the kidney, writes Celeste Clements, DVM. Chronic infections often lead to the formation of struvite stones in dogs.
Urate bladder stones are most commonly the result of a genetic abnormality that causes a defect in the metabolism of uric acid. Other causes of urate bladder stones include liver diseases such as portosystemic shunts.
How did my dog develop cystine bladder stones? Cystine bladder stones appear to be the result of a genetic abnormality that prevents a dog from reabsorbing cystine from the kidneys. This condition is believed to be inherited in dogs.
Some supplements can actually increase the risk of stones in susceptible animals, Heinze says. “Examples include brewer's yeast for dogs with urate stones, vitamin C or calcium for dogs with calcium oxalate stones, or products that alkalinize the urine for struvite stones.”