Good proteins to feed for liver disease are eggs for the most bioavailable protein and choline content, poultry and a little fish such as sardines, salmon and cod. Proteins to reduce or avoid would be red meats high in phosphorus.
Elevated values up to 300 U/L are considered nonspecific. Marked elevations of ALT levels greater than 500 U/L observed most often in persons with diseases that affect primarily hepatocytes such as viral hepatitis, ischemic liver injury (shock liver) and toxin-induced liver damage.
What are the symptoms of elevated liver enzymes?
How is it treated? Treatment depends on what is causing your liver enzymes to be elevated. If your doctor thinks you have nonalcoholic fatty liver disease or the metabolic syndrome, you will need to watch your diet, stop drinking alcohol, lose weight, and control your cholesterol.
Typically the range for normal AST is reported between 10 to 40 units per liter and ALT between 7 to 56 units per liter. Mild elevations are generally considered to be 2-3 times higher than the normal range. In some conditions, these enzymes can be severely elevated, in the 1000s range.
Even severe dental disease can cause an elevation in ALT. In terms of primary liver issues, ingestion of certain toxins or chronic inflammation of the liver (due to infection, an over-reaction of the immune system, genetic disorders, etc.) tend to create the most significant ALT elevations.
Poor appetite, vomiting, lethargy, increased drinking and urination, yellow discoloration of the eyes or skin, seizures, and fluid build-up in the abdomen can all be signs of liver disease.
If you have high levels of liver enzymes in your blood, you have elevated liver enzymes. High liver enzyme levels may be temporary, or they may be a sign of a medical condition like hepatitis or liver disease.
More common causes of elevated liver enzymes include:
ALKP (Alkaline Phosphatase) The ALKP in the blood will increase when bile is not flowing properly out of the liver. This may be because the liver is inflamed and thus preventing it. It will also increase with certain drugs, hormonal diseases and bone growth in young dogs.
Candy, gum, toothpaste, baked goods, and some diet foods are sweetened with xylitol. It can cause your dog's blood sugar to drop and can also cause liver failure. Early symptoms include vomiting, lethargy, and coordination problems.
When levels are increased in the blood, it means that the enzymes have leaked out of the liver cells due to cell damage. AST is found in muscle cells as well as liver cells, so an elevation in AST without a similar elevation in ALT may indicate muscle damage rather than liver damage.
The 6 Best Dog Foods for Liver Disease:
Among 378 patients, 100 (26%) patients with elevated liver enzymes died within 30 days of admission — 42% died of sepsis, 27% died due to malignancy, 22% succumbed to various complications of chronic de-compensated liver disease, while remaining 9% died of various other causes, such as heart failure or pulmonary
Liver diseases, medical conditions, medications and infections can cause elevated liver enzymes.